Resources

The community of advocates for open standards in AR encourages continual exploration and cross-pollination with other communities. Those who are seeking to expand their use of standards for AR applications, should consult these resources on the Internet.

Quick Links to resources on this page

Status of SDOs working on AR Related Topics

There are many international standards bodies working on specifications of value to AR. The table on this page compiles activities that are underway in first half of 2014. If there are additional activities not listed on this table, please contact Christine Perey with updates.

During the Tenth International AR Community Meeting, four Standards Development Organizations presented about their activities and the Khronos Group submitted a status report in presentation file for the purpose of maintaining these archives. Presentations are found on the meeting agenda page as well as made available in this section to facilitate their dissemination in the community. 

During the Eighth International AR Standards Community Meeting, four Standards Development Organizations presented about their activities and we received an update about ARML 2.0 Candidate Specification. Presentations are found on the meeting agenda page as well as made available in this section to facilitate their dissemination in the community.

During the Seventh International AR Standards Community Meeting, five Standards Development Organizations presented about their activities and there was an in depth presentation about the draft ARML 2.0 Draft Specification. Presentations are found on the meeting agenda page as well as made available in this section to facilitate their dissemination in the community.

During the Sixth International AR Standards Community Meeting, six Standards Development Organizations presented about their activities. The presentations are found on the meeting agenda page as well as made available in this section to facilitate their dissemination in the community.

During the Fifth International AR Standards Community Meeting, five Standards Development Organizations presented about their activities. The presentations are found on the page of files presented during the meeting as well as made available in this section to facilitate their dissemination in the community.

During the Fourth International AR Standards Meeting, six Standards Development Organizations presented regarding their activities. The presentations are found on the page of files presented during the meeting, as well as made available in this section to facilitate their dissemination in the community.

You may wish to compare these with the reports presented during the June 15-16 2011 meeting in Taiwan.

AR Use Cases and Use Case Categories

Use cases are the recommended approach to:

  • Extract concrete components of technology which are necessary for the desired outcomes,
  • Determine which components many applications share (have in common), and
  • Prioritize focus for future work towards developing open standards.

The community of experts gathered at the International AR Standards meeting Oct 11-12, 2010 proposed that efforts focus on three categories of use cases: Guide, Create and Play.

Most use cases postulated today are either entirely within one of these categories or a blending of two or more use cases within these three. For purpose of sharing these use cases and for inviting feedback and discussion, each is described in simple terms and, we anticipate they will be depicted graphically.

Guide

In the "guide" category of use cases, augmented reality provides a system which leads the user through a process involving people, places or objects in the real world in real time.

The most current version of the Guide Use Cases is available here. During the 8th AR Standards Community meeting we discussed changing the name of the Guide Use Cases to "Consume." A final decision will be made by the AR Use Cases Task Force. To join the mailing list of the Use Case Task Force, visit this page.

Publish

The "publish" category of use cases encompasses all those use cases in which a system furnishes the user the ability to attach or introduce (annotate) digital data in association with the real world.

This category may also include systems in which an automatically calculated (new) point or digital annotation or object could be added to the real world in real time by an application. We suggest that this would be referred to as the "compute" class of use cases.

Previously this category of use cases was called "Create." During the 8th AR Standards Community meeting we proposed to change the name of this category to "Publish" in order to more clearly express the intention. The most current version of the Publish Use Case is available here.

Collaborate

"Collaborate" use cases share the common purpose of permitting two or more people to interact with one another and some digital data in the real world in real time. This was previously called "Play" use scenarios. During the 8th AR Standards Community meeting we proposed to change the name of this category to "Collaborate" in order to reflect the enterprise as well as consumer use cases.

AR Use Cases Task Force

In January 2013, the AR Use Cases Task Force was established for the purpose of leading the development of this activity on behalf of the community. To join the mailing list of the AR Use Case Task Force, visit this page.

AR Standards Landscape

During the International AR Standards meeting of Oct 11-12, 2010, the participants prepared a graphical "map" of the technologies which AR utilizes or which can be used to implement AR experiences for users, and identified standardized components and widely adopted technologies that could or are in use by AR developers. The results of this collaboration are found here. The most current version of the AR Standards SDO landscape is available as of July 24 2012.

AR Vocabulary/Terminology

One of the impediments to progress towards universal AR standards is a lack of a common vocabulary among the different community members. In order to begin addressing this issue, the participants of the International AR Standards Meeting created the beginning of a lexicon which can be used by experts for communicating AR concepts to people in other disciplines.

The first version of this lexicon (thesaurus) is found here.

The updated (second) version (June 16 2011) of this resource is found here. Additional materials in support of the AR Vocabulary prepared during Third International AR Standards Meeting are found in this file (Notes of June 16 Session 12).

During the Fifth meeting of the community, significant new work was done. The vocabulary (as of May 3, 2012) prior to being fully incorporated into the AR Reference Model is available here in PDF and here in HTML format.

AR Glossary Task Force

In January 2013, the AR Glossary Task Force was established for the purpose of leading the development of this activity on behalf of the community. To join the mailing list of the AR Glossary Task Force, visit this page.

Hands-free AR Systems and Standards

In the future, there will be hands-free devices for AR experiences. In January 2011, Baillot and Perey published a position paper for the Second AR Standards Community Meeting. In March 2011, community members drafted and shared with the community an open letter to manufacturers of subsystems, requesting that there be standards developed for open and interoperable hands-free devices. No further action was taken until July 23-24 2012.

During the Sixth AR Standards Community meeting, the participants agreed to begin drafting a new resource. The purpose of the resource is to determine which existing standards are suitable for hands-free display devices and where advancements in open source or open standards could be made available to reduce the friction between device manufacturers, OEMs and providers of hands-free device components and content publishers.

The preliminary outline of the resource is available here.

During the 8th AR Standards Community Meeting we provided a status update about the Hands-free AR Display vs. Smartphone Gap Analysis. The position paper providing the most current information is found here.

Past meetings

There have been a number of open meetings conducted since December 2009 towards the goal of establishing open development environments for Augmented Reality.

December 2009

The first open meeting of which we are aware was the AR DevCamp in Mountain View, conducted in conjunction with HackerDojo. If anyone has materials which were generated during the first AR DevCamp, they are invited to send them to Christine Perey.

Feb 2010

There was a breakout session on the topic of technology obstacles at the Mobile AR Summit organized by PEREY Research & Consulting and conducted in Barcelona in conjunction with MWC 2010. The public is invited to review:

June 2010

W3C workshop: AR and the Web   provided another forum for the community to begin discussion on a number of AR-related standards topics. See “Setting the Stage” session for how the co-chairs defined the problems which the workshop could address.

Here is the report of outcomes.  From this page, you can browse the Agenda page to see all the Presentations, and the position papers are here.

October 2010

The first International AR Standards Meeting was conducted in Seoul, Korea October 11-12, 2010. The public is invited to review:

December 2010

The First Face-to-Face Meeting of the W3C Points of Interest Working Group, produced these ten core principles for the definition of a Point of Interest.

February 2011

The second International AR Standards meeting was conducted in Barcelona, Spain February 17-19, 2011. The public is invited to review:

June 2011

The third International AR Standards meeting was conducted in Taichung, Taiwan June 15-16, 2011. The public is invited to review:

October 2011

The fourth International AR Standards meeting was conducted in Basel, Switzerland October 24-25 2011. The public is invited to review:

March 2012

The fifth International AR Standards meeting was conducted in Austin, TX March 19-20 2012. The public is invited to review:

July 2012

The Sixth International AR Standards meeting was conducted in Geneva, Switzerland July 23-24 2012. The public is invited to review:

November 2012

The Seventh International AR Standards Community meeting was conducted in Atlanta, Georgia November 8-9 2012. The public is invited to review:

March 2013

The Eighth International AR Standards Community meeting was conducted in Barcelona, Spain March 1-2, 2013.
The public is invited to review:

May 2013

The Ninth International AR Standards Community meeting was conducted in New York, New York May 29-30, 2013.
The public is invited to review:

March 2014

The Tenth International AR Standards Community meeting was conducted in Arlington, Virginia March 26-27, 2014.
The public is invited to review: